First of all, there are five different types of hernia:
- Inguinal hernia: this is the most common type of hernia, about 80% of patients have this kind, and it happens when the bladder or intestine come through the abdominal wall.
- Incisional hernia: when the intestines protrudes through the abdominal wall at the site of a previous surgery.
- Femoral hernia: most commonly found in women and obese individuals, the intestinal matter enters into the canal holding the femoral artery.
- Umbilical hernia: small intestines pass through the wall near the navel. This umbilical hernia is most commonly associated with newborns as well as women who have had multiple children.
- Hiatal hernia: upper stomach peeks through an opening in the diaphragm.
The Causes of Hernia
The causes of hernias are wide and varied; however, smoking, prolonged overexertion, and poor healthy diet plan can all lead to one or more types of hernia. Symptoms of hernias include lumps in the belly or groin areas and may even disappear when you lie down. Pain and discomfort occur during coughing fits or overexertion.
Fortunately, hernias can be curable laparoscopically with very little scarring. This kind of surgical repair is gaining favor among the medical community for its accuracy and minimally invasive technique. In a hernia repair, a small incision is made and a minute camera is inserted into the affected area. While allowing the surgeon to see, a mesh screen is placed over the hernia wound to buttress the abdominal wall and keep the intestine from leaking through.
Hernias present in all stages of life from birth through old age; in men, women, and the obese. Knowing what to look for will help you correct a serious and best medication for pain relief would help.
Symptoms of Hernia
Some people who suffer from hiatal hernia usually don’t have any symptoms at all. However, a hiatal hernia can generate symptoms such as heartburn, abdominal pain and discomfort, and nausea. Most people affected by hiatal hernia suffer from heartburn, which usually intensifies after meals. This common symptom of a hiatal hernia occurs due to reflux of the stomach content inside the esophagus. When doctors suspect the presence of hiatal hernia in patients, they usually perform additional tests in order to confirm the clinical diagnosis.
Irreducible hernia, just as its name suggests, can not be pushed back. This usually means that an old hernia is transforming, and complications can appear. It can easily lead to strangulation of the tissue. It also has some other different symptoms like vomiting. Strangulated hernia, a form that is more dangerous, as mentioned before strangulates an organ or tissue and it cuts its blood supply. This type of hernia can also present vomiting symptoms and the strangulated area is always painful. If you display any of these symptoms, it would be best to make an appointment with your Hernia surgeon
Treatment for Hernia
Two types of surgery:
1. Herniorrhaphy – This procedure requires having an incision done to the groin in order for the intestine to be pushed back to its proper place and the weakened spot can be repaired. Recovery might take at least 4-6 weeks. There is a slight possibility hernia will recur
2. Hernioplasty – This procedure would require several small incisions in order for the surgeon to insert a miniature camera to see what’s inside and properly place sutures over the area that has been damaged. This is often preferred by people who had surgeries before in the same area and recovery is quicker compared to herniorrhaphy. However, hernias do have the tendency to recur.