kidney stones

What are the different kinds of kidney stones?

A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material that forms in the kidney or urinary tract. Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in the urine and often severe pain in the abdomen, side, or groin. Kidney stones are sometimes called kidney stones. One in 20 people develops a kidney stone at some point in their life.

kidney stones depend on the food consumed in daily life. Kidney stones are mainly caused by the elements present in food and the type of water consumed. Also, geographically, the disease of stone formation can vary from country to country. In addition to kidney stones, the stone formation process can take place in other organs such as the gallbladder, tonsils, or urinary bladder. Kidney stones are tough to treat, and you should get treatment from a kidney stone specialist.

Kidney stones are mainly found in three forms: phosphates, calcium oxalate, and urates. The type of kidney stones can be determined by the type of hardness of the stones. The urates are the hardest of all, the calcium oxalates are also the hardest, and the phosphates are soluble in nature. The intensity, severity, and damage depend on the type and size of the stone. Larger and harder, the stone causes more damage to the kidneys. Doctors always recommend drinking about 10 to 12 glasses of water a day to flush the kidneys and prevent Kidney Stones maintain good health.

kidney stones

Kidney stones can be due to lower fluid intake, intake of calcium-based food products, higher intake of tomatoes, rice, potatoes, etc., and the consumption of non-vegetarian foods such as fish, meat, and alcohol. In most cases, kidney stones are also inherited.

Normally, in such a state, the patient has symptoms of nausea and vomiting, pain can be felt in the kidneys and testicles, the pain may disappear if the passage of urine is free since this indicates the passage of the stone in the urinary. In some cases, blood can flow as the stone leaves the kidneys.

As corrective measures, there is no specific medication to dissolve stones, but medications may be suggested to reduce pain and restore normal urine flow, thus reducing the future possibility of major kidney failure. Also, in the case of larger stones, it is recommended to do it surgically, as the larger stone has a high potential to further damage the kidneys.

Role of calcium

About 85% of the stones are made up primarily of calcium compounds Calcium stones kidney is an integral part of a healthy diet and forms important parts of the body, such as bones and muscles. Excess calcium in the urine leads to the formation of calcium stones. This calcium tends to bind with the carbonates, phosphates, and oxalates present in the urine and form Calcium stones in the kidneys. they are sharp or smooth stones of dark brown color.

Types of kidney stones:

Calcium stone

There are two types of calcium stones: calcium phosphate stones and calcium oxalate stones. Calcium phosphate stones are common and dissolve in urine acidified with vitamin C, whereas oxalate stones do not dissolve in acidic urine. Calcium stones are common in people with small intestine problems. kidney problems, excess vitamin D, etc

Uric acid stone

This type of stone forms when there is too much uric acid in the urine. The digestion of meat proteins produces uric acid. People who receive chemotherapy treatment to cure cancer have a higher concentration of uric acid in their urine than normal people and are more prone to uric stone formation in the kidneys. People who live in hot, dry places and are often dehydrated are vulnerable to uric acid stones. It is the only type of stone that can be dissolved with medication alone. Alkalizing drugs like potassium citrate and sodium bicarbonate can help dissolve uric acid stones. 

Struvite stones

Struvite stones mainly occur due to infections of the urinary tract and are therefore more common in women. It is formed from excess ammonia and magnesium in the urine. Any condition that causes urinary tract infection with bacteria has the ability to produce ammonia. Since the bladder can contain stagnant urine, the risk of bacteria growth is higher. Struvite stones can get very large and damage the kidneys more than other stones.

Struvite stone doesn’t really show symptoms like other stones. However, a recurrent urinary tract infection can be a symptom of struvite stones.

Cystine stone

Cystine stones are very rare. These stones are the result of excess urine containing cysteine. This problem mainly occurs in children and young adults. A person who has an inherited disease of cystinuria has a chance to have this stone. Cystine is an amino acid contained in a protein that normal kidneys can reabsorb when it is filtered through the urine and then transferred to the blood, but in cystinuria, the kidney disease does not reabsorb the amino acid cystine from the urine. urine. As a result, cystine dissolves in the urine and forms crystals. It is crystalline in nature and yellow in color. It develops at a young age. Cystine stones are difficult to treat and require lifelong treatment.

Drug stone

However, these are rare types of kidney stones. Some drugs that are taken to cure other illnesses can form crystals, and then these crystals will grow like stones. People taking treatment for HIV infection with triamterene and the protease inhibitor indinavir are at risk of developing drug stones.

Kidney stone treatment at one of Coimbatore’s leading urology hospitals might provide rapid relief. To get rid of kidney stones today, consult the kidney stone treatment in Coimbatore

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